Higher Education

HSE’s Higher Education Group has extensive legal experience, with a perspective that goes well beyond the legal question.  The breadth and depth of our knowledge as legal counsel is enhanced by our experiences inside higher education.

In addition to understanding higher education law from the inside, our team understands higher education culture and that each institution’s culture is unique.  We collaborate with our clients to quickly become well-versed in each campus’s ethos and parlance to ensure a harmonized approach that honors the clients’ priorities and values and results in efficient communication, productive problem-solving, and constructive partnerships.  It is not uncommon for our higher education clients to express their appreciation with: “You get us.”

As the regulatory web expands and intersects, we pay constant attention to compliance and risk management.  We work closely with our clients to ensure that their policies and practices are up-to-date and defensible.  We know that campuses can be faced with serious issues requiring immediate action; we are available around the clock.

Even with strong risk management and litigation avoidance strategies, higher education institutions face the prospect of litigation.  We are skilled in all types of litigation and agency investigations and are highly effective partners in all manner of litigation.  When needed, our experienced litigators expertly evaluate claims, develop litigation and resolution strategies, and bring and defend against legal claims in court.

Countless matters and questions arise in higher education institutions that do not occur in other organizations.  We understand these differences.  Many matters demanding quick and comprehensive advice implicate multiple policies and multiple divisions.  We know when and how to collaborate across functional areas.  Numerous matters also require quick assessment of the applicability of myriad statutes as some require immediate action.  We recognize the need for urgent, thorough analysis.

We work with our higher education clients and strive to provide responsive, tailored, practical, cost-effective legal advice in the following areas:

Mergers and Acquisitions

We help institutions face change and opportunities head on that may require or lend themselves to internal restructuring, mergers, acquisitions, strategic alliances/affiliations, and the difficult decision to close, as well as the day-to-day challenges and other long-range planning considerations. Click here to learn more.

Complying with State and Federal Governmental Rules

Every office on campus must find time in the day and money in the budget to ensure compliance with the ever-expanding list of laws that put federal dollars and college resources at risk. These areas of regulation include:

  • Affordable Care Act
  • Clery Act
  • Conflicts of interest
  • Development
  • Distance education
  • Employee benefits and executive compensation
  • Endowment administration
  • Environmental
  • Employment and discrimination
  • Export controls
  • Form 990
  • Grants administration and effort reporting
  • Immigration
  • Internal Revenue Code
  • Labor relations
  • Land use and zoning
  • Privacy/FERPA/HIPAA
  • Research
  • Section 504
  • Sexual assault
  • New York Not-for-Profit Corporation Law
  • Student financial aid
  • Title IX

Getting Business Done

Colleges and universities are not-for-profit entities, unique in some respects and typical in many others.  Our legal services associated with non-profits include:

  • Board governance
  • Bond and other financing
  • Business transactions
  • Computing
  • Contract management
  • Charitable giving and development
  • Employment agreements
  • Food service and physical plant outsourcing agreements
  • Intellectual property
  • International programs
  • Mergers, acquisitions, and strategic affiliations and alliances
  • Pouring rights and sponsorship agreements
  • Real estate
  • Technology transfer
  • Tax
  • Use of institutional facilities agreements

Responding to Crises and Managing High Profile Events

A simple event can become a crisis in the matter of minutes; an incident can be reported on social media before you know it has occurred.  We work with clients 24/7 as they respond to critical campus incidents, with an eye toward identifying and mitigating the full range of risks and developing strategies to address a multitude of possible outcomes.  Areas requiring this type of immediate attention include:

  • Governmental investigations
  • International programs
  • Litigation and litigation management
  • Minors on campus
  • Missing persons
  • Security breaches
  • Sexual assault
  • Social media
  • Threats to safety
  • Whistleblowers

Complying with Title IX and New York State’s Enough is Enough

Given the rapidly-evolving caselaw and regulatory landscape, the national media attention, and the importance of preventing and addressing sexual assault on college campuses, we highlight our experience in Title IX and Enough is Enough below:

Day-to-Day Compliance includes:

  • Developing Title IX-compliant policies and procedures
  • Delivering policy compliance training for faculty, administrators, staff, and students
  • Overseeing the Title IX investigation process
  • Conducting Title IX investigations (discussed in more detail below)
  • Delivering investigation, heading board, and appeals panel training
  • Guiding students and parents through the investigation and complaint resolution process
  • Facilitating discussions with faculty, staff, and students regarding community values and their reflection in institutional policies
  • Serving as a resource to working groups of faculty, staff, and students studying and making recommendations regarding policies and protocols
  • Developing resource guides and related materials for students related to confidential and non-confidential supports and resources available on- and off-campus
  • Building internal and external relationships with on-campus and off-campus individuals and offices committed to combatting sexual violence, including off-campus law enforcement, SANE nurses, and rape crisis counselors
  • Presenting at parent orientation sessions
  • Selecting and administering a sexual assault campus climate survey

Title IX Investigations

Timely, thorough, and legally compliant investigations are vital.  Missteps can create liability, unwanted publicity, and controversy.  Federal and state agencies and courts can call into question your investigation practices and outcomes. Given our experience conducting investigations (or guiding our clients in doing so), we can quickly focus on the pertinent issues and develop an investigation strategy aimed at resolving the issue in a thorough and equitable manner.

Our approach to sexual misconduct investigations is to treat students, faculty, and staff equitably and with respect and sensitivity while remaining objective and neutral.  Our professional yet personable style encourages parties and witnesses to help us obtain the most complete set of facts possible so the decision regarding responsibility is well-informed and defensible.  Our investigation approach is grounded in our significant knowledge of Title IX and best practices in conducting Title IX investigations.

Our Title IX team shares your commitment to thorough, impartial, and compassionate investigations.  Our Title IX investigations commence with analysis of the allegations to develop an investigation plan in consultation with the Title IX Coordinator and, if applicable, a co-investigator.  We interview the parties and witnesses, identify and meet with others with potentially relevant information, collect documentary and electronic information, visit incident scenes as needed, and prepare interview summaries and investigative reports in keeping with each institution’s format and style.  We advise all individuals with whom we meet about available resources and supports, the institution’s policy against retaliation, and make connections with and draw upon the institution’s support resources as called for in each case.

Improving Processes and Policies

Over the past decade(s) we have seen regulation of higher education explode, a trend every commentator expects to continue.  We work with colleges on reviewing, refining, and developing policies that both support the institution’s mission and values and develop a framework for compliance.  In addition, we work across divisions, departments, and with Boards of Trustees to evaluate the effectiveness of policies, ensure their consistent application, and identify areas for additional discussion and policy development.  As compliance moves to the forefront of every role on campus, conversations regarding policy management systems are increasingly important.  We are adept at facilitating and supporting these critical initiatives on college campuses.

  • Review, refine, and develop policies that both support the institution’s mission and values and develop a framework for compliance
  • Engage the campus community to ensure policies are effective, in keeping with campus values, and consistently applied
  • Guide important decisions regarding policy management systems and facilitate and support the resulting critical campus initiatives

Developing Competencies Through Compliance Training

As highly regulated entities, institutions of higher education must ensure compliance to receive federal funds, manage risk, and avoid lawsuits and negative publicity.  Targeted and pragmatic training focused on current law, policy, and guidance is the only method to ensure compliance with the myriad areas subject to governmental regulation.  From “training the trainer” to direct delivery of content, we can help design programs meaningful to your campus.  The breadth and depth of our knowledge as legal counsel is enhanced by our faculty, administrator, and other roles inside higher education.  This knowledge base allows us to offer practical and highly cost-effective training programs in all areas relevant to higher education.

Theresa A. Conroy and Julia E. Green to Speak at National Higher Education Conference in Buffalo

Theresa A. Conroy and Julia Green Sewruk to Speak at National Higher Education Conference

Justice Department Signals Increasingly Aggressive Scrutiny of Colleges’ and Universities’ Regulatory Compliance, With High Stakes

Harter Secrest & Emery Attorneys Honored by The Daily Record 2017

Harter Secrest & Emery Attorneys to Address Higher Education Conference in Washington

Theresa A. Conroy Chosen to Receive Attorney of the Year Award from The Daily Record

Graduate Assistants Have Collective-Bargaining Rights

Higher-Ed Focus Reaches Beyond Title IX Issue

U.S. Department of Education Reinterprets Incentive Compensation Ban

"Enough Is Enough" Becomes Law - What's Next For Your School

New York Education Law Article 129-B

New 24-Hour Institutional Obligation to Report Missing Resident Students and Violent Felonies (with the Possible Exception of Sexual Offenses) to Local Law Enforcement

In Online Partnership, Legal Compliance Is Key

View All Resources


This website presents only general information not intended as legal advice. Although we encourage calls, letters and emails from prospective clients, please keep in mind that merely contacting Harter Secrest & Emery LLP (HSE) does not establish an attorney-client relationship between us. Confidential information should not be sent to HSE until you have been notified in writing by HSE that a formal attorney-client relationship has been established. Information sent to us before then may not be treated as confidential by HSE or the court.

I have read this and agree     Cancel

Our website uses cookies. By continuing to use our site, you agree to our use of cookies in accordance with our Privacy Policy.